Health

Introduction:
Whenever renovations or any construction work are planned at a hospital, crucial health considerations must be made. The workers at these health institutions will be in contact with harmful diseases that are carried in the dust and other debris, which are always part of any construction or renovation project.

All medical institutions have to expand at some stage because of the continual increase of health care demands, such as the need to stay current with technology, reinforcing aging building structures, as well as adding facilities that are more patient-friendly.

Safety of the Workforce and Patients.

The moment construction starts at a health institution, such as a hospital or medical clinic, the presence of bacteria and other harmful microbes is a reality that presents a serious health risk to the workers and patients. Managing these health risks is of the utmost importance, so it is essential to access the available guidelines from the Center of Disease Control & Prevention.

Construction dust is where most of these disease-carrying microbes, such as Aspergillus fumigatus and Stachybotyrs atra, can be found. The CDC guidelines mentioned above offer all the information related to ventilation of the construction area, the control of infections, and monitoring of the environment. These are crucial to ensure a safe environment for everybody that could be exposed to the construction dust.

An important part of the planning phase for new construction projects at a health institute should include discussions on how to prevent the spreading of diseases to workers in the immediate area of construction. The above-mentioned guidelines should be used as the basis of these discussions. This will ensure that the protection of the entire workforce, as well as all patients, remains a top priority.

Procedures to Control Infection Risk During Construction at Health Institutes.

Specific and significant procedures have been put in place to ensure the control of infection of any workers or patients during a renovation or other construction work at a health institute.

Weekly Meetings by the Project Management.
These meetings are of the highest importance to the success in controlling possible infections in and around the construction site. These meetings will be used to communicate all the current and future activities of the project to staff members. The people who will attend each meeting will have to be from the laboratory, environmental and engineering services, as well as the departments of administration and risk management. Other parties that might be asked to attend will be from the project architects, contractors, the design engineers and possibly the construction administrators, depending on how complex the project is.

The Risk Assessments of Construction Projects.
An assessment of the risks of any possible infection needs to be conducted. This ensures the safety of all patients and workers. It is also used to keep the particular regulatory agencies informed of all activities during the ongoing construction phase of the project. Furthermore, the results recorded from these assessments could be used to recommend certain safety precautions that should be taken by the construction team. This might include wearing specific protective clothing or building an anteroom, which will help prevent the construction dust from spreading.

Necessary Training.
Everybody involved with these projects should be informed of the procedures needed to guarantee the infection control. Sometimes a training course will be presented to all the contractors and sub-contractors involved with the project in order to confirm infection control.

Continual Monitoring of the Environment.
This monitoring involves two different types of actions, which include the testing of the air quality, as well as the physical monitoring of every activity during the construction. The latter is ensures that the construction team adheres to the standards set for maintaining the safety of everybody and for the controlling of any infections.

Keeping Communication Open.
The project’s management team has to use the weekly meetings to share all the project activities with the departments that are directly affected by the project. There are specific communication procedures in place, which should be followed at all times.

Health

Responsible businesses always act to ensure that their premises are as safe for work as possible. To fully brief their employees on what is expected of them, many choose to send staff on health and safety training days to teach them how to be safe and responsible within the workplace. Failure to notify employees of the potential dangers within a company can result in various accidents occurring, some of which can be of serious detriment to either employee or company.

All companies should have members of staff that are fully trained to deal with emergencies and any workplace issues involving health or safety. Responsible members of your team should be first aid trained in order to deal with illness or injury, however, health and safety training for your staff should minimise the likelihood of these problems occurring.

These training courses teach employees how to be proactive in order to maintain a safe working environment and also how to be reactive when something does go wrong. Proactive steps include risk assessment and hazard spotting, safety inspections and carrying out tests and various procedures. Some workplaces are clearly at higher risk than others, although there is no such thing as a risk-free workplace and no company should ever get complacent about its safety record. Accidents can happen in the most innocuous circumstances and can nearly always be avoided. When they do occur it is important that they are recorded and steps are taken to learn from them and implement changes to the workplace as necessary.

Office environments can be just as dangerous as building sites and warehouses if the correct steps aren’t taken to secure the premises for health and safety. On a building site, workers are always completely focused on carefully going about their work in a safe manner as the working environment and equipment they use are conducive to serious injuries. In an office environment, employee safety is not always at the forefront of people’s minds. However, failure to carry out proper health and safety training can result in carelessness amongst employees. A simple mistake such as leaving a stray wire dangling across a gangway can result in a nasty trip for a member of staff and a painful fall.

Currently, there is a significant rise in the number of people who attempt to sue their employers if they are injured in the workplace, regardless of how trivial the injury suffered might be. It is important to protect your business against this possibility by ensuring that you are as compliant with health and safety law as possible.

Health

The OHSAS 18001 international standard was published by British Standards Institute in 1999 (revised 2007); to produce OH&S management system steerage parallel to the ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems standard. Though ISO has not formally supported OHSAS 18001, thousands of companies worldwide use it to arrange their OH&S programs, and have wanted third-party review and certification.

How do employers shield their staff from occupational hazards? Answers to the current question involve many completely different perspectives:

Occupational health and safety laws and rules establish specific necessities, related to specific sorts of hazards: chemicals; electricity; moving instrumentation etc.
OH&S laws and rules conjointly assign employers a General Duty to produce safe workplaces for his or her staff. These embody generalized necessities for employers to determine broad OH& S program, such as:
Canadian necessities to determine Hazard interference Programs, overseen by the federal Labour Program and provincial agencies.
US pointers for Health and Safety Programs provided by the federal activity Safety and Health Administration and state agencies, and mirrored in mandates in some states.
Professional pointers set by industry-level and skilled associations target relevant things.

Every work in North America faces a version of those provisions; however necessities and pointers arent fully consistent. However are employers to style and implement their programs? Several multi-jurisdictional organizations establish consistent and comprehensive baseline programs by adhering to the OHSAS 18001, that is that the most widely-used international voluntary certification system.

What will OHSAS 18001 Do?

The Standard provides careful a close framework for Occupational health and safety management systems, departure organizations with flexibility to tailor specific components to suit their individual desires which can mirror applicable OH& S compliance necessities, structure activities and policies, and possibly insurance providers specifications yet. The quality consists of broad components, with substantial details to confirm that the subsequent are evaluated systematically:

Identification of OH&S restrictive problems touching entity/facility processes and merchandise.
Existing structure OH&S policies and procedures.
Organizational- and facility-specific policies in situ and utilized to manage OH&S problems.
Evaluation of personnel coaching and experience to judge that competent personnel are gift to hold out OH& S policies, programs, and tasks.
Evaluation of structure resources and support to deal with OH& S problems.
System in situ to take care of all needed OH& S records and documents.
Methods by that OH&S safety performance is measured and results communicated.
Management and oversight of organizational- and facility-specific OH&S problems.

Why Conduct a Gap Analysis?

In 2014, each employers organization can have some style of OH&S management program, in all probability developed to produce OH&S compliance and possibly with components tailored by organization-specific activities and policies, insurance supplier conditions, etc. the primary step toward evolving this home-grown program to satisfy OH&S is to check the 2, mistreatment whats unremarkably referred to as a gap analysis. because the term suggests, a spot associate degreealysis is meant to search out the gaps in an organization- or facility-level OH&S management system as compared to the particular provisions in OHSAS 18001. this is often accomplished by careful review of associate degree existing program, designed to spot and document any deficiencies that has got to be self-addressed to adapt with OHSAS 18001 requirements, and conjointly to assess the tasks and level of effort needed to satisfy OHSAS 18001 certification requirements.

Gap analyses usually apply 3 levels of review:

Paper review.
Reality review.
Pre-assessment review.