Health

Cruciferous vegetables have received increasing attention in recent years, partly because of the fight against cancer and numerous health benefits associated with these plants. They are usually eaten raw, cooked or preserved, although they may be cooked and used in fried or added to soup.
The radish, Raphanus sativus, belongs to the family Brassicaceae, may have white, red, purple or black, long cylindrical or round shape. The oil obtained from seeds of radish is also used. The other parts of the radish, which are eaten are leaves, flowers, pods and seeds.

The radish contain about 95 percent of water in proportion to its weight, making it an excellent source of hydration. This moisture can also reduce the appetite, making the person feel satiated, a benefit for those trying to lose weight.

They can also help relieve urinary tract infections and painful urination, providing essential fluids to help flush the urinary system, can help improve the bladder and kidney.

When preparing food with radishes, remember that the high percentage of water prevents its freezing appropriate. Freezing often causes damage through the formation of ice crystals, resulting in a colorless radish after thawing.
Low in fat and cholesterol, radish provides a generous amount of dietary fiber. A portion (1 / 2 cup or a whole) provides 1-2 g of dietary fiber, which is 5 to 8 percent of the recommended daily. The fiber helps to reduce hunger, regulates the intestine and can even improve cholesterol levels.
A plant with antibacterial and antifungal, the radish is a good source of vitamins A, B-6, C, K, riboflavin and folic acid. Due to its high vitamin content, is considered a dietary supplement useful for people with colds, flu, cancer, skin diseases, asthma and other respiratory diseases. They also help in strengthening capillary controls the levels of homocysteine and reduces the incidence of injuries.

The radish contains significant levels of calcium, iron, phosphorus, copper, magnesium and potassium. These minerals can do many things by the body, strengthens bones, protects the heart, regulates blood pressure, improves the digestive system and immune system, improves kidney function and acts as an energy tonic. The leaves of radish are an excellent source of vitamin C and calcium.

In a study to determine the glycemic index of various vegetables, it was concluded that the radish has a low GI. Preliminary studies have shown that the root of the radish is effective in lowering cholesterol levels. More studies are needed to confirm these results. In a study of extracts was proven its efficiency as an antioxidant. The radish contain a variety of chemicals based on sulfur, which increase the flow of bile, thus helping to maintain a gallbladder and liver healthy and improve digestion. Leaf extract is beneficial for the gastrointestinal activities and is known for its laxative properties. The radish belongs to the brassica vegetables, including cabbage, brussels sprouts, cauliflower and broccoli. Numerous studies suggest that the plants of the family of brassicas act as protection against cancers of the lung and digestive tract. Cruciferous vegetables are a source of glucosinolates, compounds that give flavor brassica. The preventive potential of the radish is partly due to their glucosinolate content, and a study in Italy showed the variety Daikon radish Japanese had anti-cancer activity in human colon.

The radish is very good for the liver, gallbladder and stomach, and acts as detoxifying, that is, it purifies the blood. It is useful in jaundice, as it helps regulate the production and flow of bile and bilirubin, acids, enzymes and removes excess bilirubin in the blood. It also controls the destruction of red blood cells during jaundice by increased supply of oxygen in fresh blood. The turnip greens are also very useful in the treatment of jaundice. It also contains enzymes such as myrosinase, diastase, amylase and esterase, which protects the liver and gall bladder infections and ulcers.

It is very rich in indigestible carbohydrates, that facilitates digestion, retain water, helps control constipation (one of the main causes of hemorrhoids). Its juice also relieves the digestive and excretory system and it also relieves hemorrhoids.

It is diuretic, ie, increase the production of urine, the radish juice also cures the inflammation and burning sensation during urination. Also clean the kidneys and inhibits kidney and urinary system. Thus, it helps in curing urinary problems.
Vitamin C, phosphorus, zinc and some members of the vitamin B complex, which are present in radish, are good for the skin. Water helps to keep moisture from the skin, raw radish is a cleaning product very good and serves as a face pack very effective. Because of its disinfectant properties, radish also helps to heal skin diseases, such as dryness, rashes, cracks, etc.

Possesses anti itchy and can be used as an effective treatment for insect bites, stings from bees, wasps, hornets, etc.. The juice also reduces pain and swelling and soothes the affected area.
It decreases the body temperature and relieves inflammation due to fever. Radish juice is a good disinfectant, but also fight infections that cause fever, thus helping to heal it.

The radish is an anti congestive, or relieving the congestion of the respiratory system, including the nose, throat and lungs due to cold, infections, allergies and other causes. It is a good disinfectant and also rich in vitamins, which protect the respiratory system against infections that cause bronchitis and asthma.
Besides the benefits mentioned above, the radish is a good appetizer, refreshes the mouth and help in breathing, is laxative, regulates metabolism, improves blood circulation, is a good treatment for headache, acidity, constipation, nausea, obesity, sore throat, cough, stomach problems, gall stones, dyspepsia, etc..

Marcelo Rigotti
www.curaplantas.com.br

Health

The healthcare sector presents unique challenges for communicators, particularly for those operating with the consumer health PR world. There is the need for consumer health PR programs that are global, regional and local in scope as a means to introduce healthcare-related e-commerce portals, next-generation medical devices, and new drugs and products. In addition, the consumer health PR pro needs to be experienced in managing product recalls and withdrawals as well in establishing grassroots campaigns to rally support around specific public and legislative issues. The consummate consumer health PR pro also needs to be on top of the latest trends in medical device technology, biopharmaceuticals, women’s health, cardiology, among other areas.

In todays high-tech world of information consumption, consumer health PR is all about messaging creating, distributing and engaging target audiences with your brand messages via a variety of communication venues. A true consumer health PR pro can help shape your brand messages into information that educates, enlightens and engages.

How does one undertake a successful consumer health PR program? The early stages include gathering relevant data about the organization or product and setting objectives. Of course, it is essential to understand your target audiences. What are their media habits? What are their primary sources for information and so forth. After that, a strategy is developed and shaped following diligent study and analysis of the acquired data. The final step to launching a consumer health PR effort is the implementation of the strategy as well as putting in place a mechanism to determine how successful the actual impact is to the reputation of the company.

A big part of the strategy in launching a consumer health PR program involves media outreach. It is extremely important that any consumer health PR plan involve both traditional as well as social media as todays highly mobile consumer could be considered a moving target.

In seeking to undertake a consumer health PR campaign, you need a pro. Look for one that specializes in your particular area — OTC health, beauty and nutritional products. The ideal consumer health PR pro should have experience in working with all channels from traditional print and broadcast, to social networking and digital venues to help cut through the clutter in creative, meaningful ways.

Deploying a consumer health PR program should be done with the assistance of a public relations firm or specialized practitioner. Such firms can handle all of the aforementioned plans and strategies. This includes data gathering, analysis and implementation of the program using time tested and proven methods, ensuring a positive impact to the organizations reputation as well as the dissemination of important information.

Health

The health and fitness of the UK population is a regular topic on national news and many of us are strongly aware of the need to adopt a healthy lifestyle. From eating the right things including our five pieces of fruit or vegetables a day to getting enough exercise, there are whole host of things to do to help keep us healthy.

Those in the health professions make continuous pleas to us to exercise more and cook healthy, nutritious meals yet the public replies that there is no time within their already overloaded schedules. Work and family commitments take priority and if theres any time spare then going to gym is often the last thing on peoples minds. Leisure time is a precious commodity and it would seem our desire to relax vs. our knowledge that we need to keep fit are totally contradictory. Or are they?

Health spa is a term that surely appeals greatly and with the rising popularity of spa amongst men and women it would seem that the industry has come up with a winning combination. Statistics reveal that the spa industry is growing faster than the fitness industry and offers so much opportunity many are diving in with both feet to make the most of this market.

But why is spa so popular? With todays hectic lifestyles long hours at the office, busy women who have it all and stress being another hot topic the idea of retreating to a haven of peace and relaxation sounds like total luxury. Add to this our desire to hold back the years and look forever young and some of the facials out there promise a lot its no doubt were booking at and staying at more spa resorts than ever before.

A visit to the spa is no longer just about a quick manicure of pedicure. Those choosing to visit a spa can stay for a day or evening, overnight (or longer) or perhaps visit for a hen party or even corporate day.

Choosing what treatments to have during your spa visit can be a tricky choice. Like reading a menu in an award-winning 5-star restaurant youll find the choices staggering as words such as relaxing, revitalising, refreshing and moisturising jump out from all over the pages with promises of soothing away all aches, pains and worries and wrinkles too.
The other benefit of visiting a spa is that, if you choose the right location, you neednt leave the resort for your entire stay. Location is an important consideration and many independent hotels have excellent spa facilities while also benefiting from superb positions.

Nestled in the heart of the Norfolk countryside, a new spa has been developed at Barnham Broom Hotel. A beautiful country hotel the addition of The Spa has been well considered and carefully planned culminating in a successful development.

Through the use of soft lighting and natural materials including mahogany and granite, The Spa at Barnham Broom oozes calm from the moment you enter. Professional, friendly therapists are ready to greet you and listen to your needs as you discuss the very tempting treatment menu while their attention to detail is apparent through their choice to use the very luxurious ESPA range of products.

Set amongst 250 acres of countryside, peace and quiet is available in spades while the hotel has excellent facilities including a fitness centre, award-winning restaurant and cosy bar area. For a relaxing spa break Barnham Broom is definitely worth a visit.

Health

Apple is taking major initiatives in establishing new brand image into the minds of technology users. The brand new wearable by Apple is something that is designed to complement your iPhone and your iPad. It is said to be the first new product after 2010 ever since the launch of iPad new series. The Apple iWatch or the Smartwatch designed by Apple will serve the dual purpose. One will complement your iDevices another would be like a fitness gadget. Let us find out more about it and how it serves as style and health gadget.

About iWatch Style and Utility

The new Apple iWatch as it is called as for now is designed to be shipped with iPhone 6; it is a customizable Apple Smartwatch that comes with numerous functionalities. It is what we know now the thing to notice is that this product is further positioned into proving itself as a fitness gadget too. Giving emphasis on health and monitoring fitness this watch should be able to provide it all to a user. The watch is made with stainless steel with magnetized strap; the display is that of sapphire glass that would keep it protected against any external damage to the display. You will love it for it scratch proof and nearly unbreakable display instantly.

New Apple Smartwatch Features

When it comes to customization, it is beyond what you are already thinking. The Apple smartwatch has six different straps along with various mechanisms. It makes it easier for any user to make changes to it accordingly to make it a stylish gadget that matches your ensemble. You have a choice of leather loops to as shiny as stainless steel loops.

The watch gives you three modes that you can benefit from including Watch Edition, Watch Sports, and Apple Watch. All these have different looks with aluminum, stainless steel, and gold polish finishing.
Another thing to observe would be the accuracy by which it tells time down to 50 milliseconds minus or plus. Additionally, it has a motion sensor that enables in sensing hand movement when it is raised and the display will be automatically enabled. Siri is again here to help, using apps, Maps, image search, scrolling contacts, calling or even sending messages with a tap is easy. The most amazing thing is the inclusion of third-party apps made compatible with this gadget.

As Health Gadget

The iWatch can work as health monitor too that contains relevant apps. You get fitness tracker and an app for workout session. This comes handy to both who love to stay fit and for those who are into serious athletics. This way it is complete within itself to provide you with all that you need as a fitness freak. If you think it is enough then wait, this watch contains four lenses LED, Infrared, and photo sensors. Additionally, pulse detection, accelerometer and gyroscope along with customized chip will have you gasping. All this incorporates a lot in the iWatch that is sure one fascinating gadget to own.

Health

Think of health and style in a single package. Is it possible? Yes, of course, it is. Havent you heard about magnetic bracelets made of different kinds of precious and semi precious metals? If you can afford to stretch your budget then its the titanium bracelets for you. On the other hand, if you are running a little tight on your pockets then take a pick from one of the simple yet elegant copper bracelet. These bracelets look great on the wrist and feel wonderful as they come with various health benefits. Magnets are known to have therapeutic powers. They improve the blood circulation, thereby helping the body in self healing processes.

Copper bracelet what are we looking at?
If you like the colour of copper or you dont want to spend that much on bracelets then getting a copper bracelet may be a good idea for you. A copper alloy bracelet will be even less expensive than a bracelet made of pure copper. Then there are usual bracelets and extra strong ones for greater effect as well. In addition to this, you can also benefit from the positive effects of wearing copper along with magnet. Even though copper may react with your skin and leave a stain of a greenish hue, there is no cause of concern as that is a natural reaction and has no harmful side effects and can be washed off easily.

A copper bracelet is available in attractive and contemporary designs such as linked, rounded, chained, slim and thick rail patterns and other stylish variants for both men and women.

Titanium bracelets Durable and lightweight
Many of us may be allergic to steel or may require wearing the bracelet in conditions where there are chances of our wrists getting wet. In that case there is one easy option. Why not wear titanium bracelets? Titanium is lighter than steel and has the same tensile strength. It is also water resistant, which means you dont need to take it off. You will also not have any allergic reactions as titanium is hypoallergenic. Though these cost slightly higher than copper alloy bracelets, they are definitely a better option if you want to avoid the greenish stains caused by copper. Titanium bracelets are available in combination with gold and silver or as a single metal bracelet as well. You can also get bracelets with double magnets. Take your budget higher and you can get yourself a striking bracelet with Swarovski crystals or even 4-in-1 elements bracelets.

So, how do you get one for yourself? A good online store selling magnetic copper bracelet and titanium bracelets will not just offer you an entire stock of great bracelets but also deliver the product at your doorstep anywhere in the UK or outside. The only difference is that in UK, shipping is done for free. They usually have a return policy within 30 90 days of delivery. If any resizing is required, it is done free of cost. Whats more, you get your product delivered in a svelte velvet pouch for which you arent charged a dime.

Health

Whenever you think of Mental health counselling, you usually would go blank at one point of time thinking that if it happens to you, what you would do. Firstly, you would go crazy thinking the consequences of mental health of you or your near and dear ones getting detiorated over something. But with the Science advancing and its super effects on your fellow beings, you need not worry about these. There are specialists like Robin Leigh Maier who have been specializing in Cognitive Behavior Therapy and will take the best care of your dear ones mental health.

Robin Leigh Maier has been a Licensed Social Worker and an expert dealing in Mental Health Counselling. She has been dealing with the mental health hazards for the past 25 years and therefore understands your problem even before you start explaining it to her. She deals in the domain of mental health of new born babies, postpartum depression, ADD and ADHD in both children and adults.

She understands that life is unpredictable and even before you realize the same your ability to think normally can go out of the way. But she assures, with her empathetic Cognitive Behavior Therapy , she is able to analyse her patients lives and provide deep counselling to them so that she knows the roots of the problems.

She claims that her practice has no side effects and is especially designed for people who are suffering from ADD and ADHD, anxiety, depression, and low self-esteem. This anxiety might occur from breaking up with your partner or losing your job which was very close to you. She has been into treatments like psychoanalytic therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, anddialectical behavioral therapy which has benefittted the patients to a large extent and made them live their lives like normal people once again.

Robin is also a trained coach for life skills. She also founded the Mothering Center. She has been well acquainted with the problems of the women and therefore is well known for her counselling services in miscarriages, care of the babies, pregnancy and postpartum depression. If you are unaware, the postpartum depression is a term used for women who have their lost child and she has also ben handling such sensive services through her counseling services. To reach out to a wider audience, she is also a regular blogger through she is able to make her readers aware and motivate them in times of utter sorrow.

Health

Osteoarthritis is a relatively little-known condition, but its cost is far from minor. A recent study shows that health insurance plans are paying out nearly $150 billion per year to treat it, on average. It is a small but significant driver of health care costs, because health insurance companies pass the increased medical expenses onto patients via premiums. Costs associated with the disease include–but are not limited to–physicians, hospitals, drugs, diagnostic tests, and outpatient services.

What is osteoarthritis? As its name suggests, it consists of attributes associated with both arthritis and osteoperosis. The chronic condition results in a gradual loss of cartilage in the body. Areas commonly affected include the knees, spine, hips, feet, and hands. Left untreated, osteoarthritis leads to discomfort and even disability. It is diagnosed most often, though not exclusively, in older patients over the age of 55.

Women are more susceptible to osteoarthritis; the bulk of osteoarthritis-related expenses ($118 billion) are caused by female patients. The reason is unknown, but its prevelance is partly to blame for women having to pay more for health insurance plans. Female osteoarhtritis patients cost health insurance companies almost $700 extra–$4,833–than males with the same condition. There are also copayments to deal with. While men only pay $694 in out-of-pocket osteoarthritis treatment costs, women must pay $1,379 annually.

These figures are scary to anyone thinking about soaring health care expenses, and even more so to those considering healthcare reform. 27 million Americans currently suffer from osteoarthritis, but the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention predict that 67 million (one-quarter of the U.S. population) will be diagnosed with it or a similar condition by 2030. That will potentially lead to trillions of dollars spent on one condition alone! Osteoarthritis is also associated with obesity; the rise in the latter among Americans has increased the prevalence of other chronic diseases, as well as the price of health insurance plans.

How can we avoid this fate and lower the cost of health insurance plans? Better screening techniques and higher awareness of osteoarthritis could result in the condition being caught earlier, when it is easier–and cheaper–to manage. Since osteoarthritis is chronic, it increases the amount of health care services you need throughout your lifetime. Stopping progression of the disease, which often results in disability, can lessen its effects. Disability is especially expensive to manage. Above all, the promotion of lifestyle changes like regular exercise will help prevent osteoarthritis and the accompanying rise in medical costs.

Health

Introduction:
Whenever renovations or any construction work are planned at a hospital, crucial health considerations must be made. The workers at these health institutions will be in contact with harmful diseases that are carried in the dust and other debris, which are always part of any construction or renovation project.

All medical institutions have to expand at some stage because of the continual increase of health care demands, such as the need to stay current with technology, reinforcing aging building structures, as well as adding facilities that are more patient-friendly.

Safety of the Workforce and Patients.

The moment construction starts at a health institution, such as a hospital or medical clinic, the presence of bacteria and other harmful microbes is a reality that presents a serious health risk to the workers and patients. Managing these health risks is of the utmost importance, so it is essential to access the available guidelines from the Center of Disease Control & Prevention.

Construction dust is where most of these disease-carrying microbes, such as Aspergillus fumigatus and Stachybotyrs atra, can be found. The CDC guidelines mentioned above offer all the information related to ventilation of the construction area, the control of infections, and monitoring of the environment. These are crucial to ensure a safe environment for everybody that could be exposed to the construction dust.

An important part of the planning phase for new construction projects at a health institute should include discussions on how to prevent the spreading of diseases to workers in the immediate area of construction. The above-mentioned guidelines should be used as the basis of these discussions. This will ensure that the protection of the entire workforce, as well as all patients, remains a top priority.

Procedures to Control Infection Risk During Construction at Health Institutes.

Specific and significant procedures have been put in place to ensure the control of infection of any workers or patients during a renovation or other construction work at a health institute.

Weekly Meetings by the Project Management.
These meetings are of the highest importance to the success in controlling possible infections in and around the construction site. These meetings will be used to communicate all the current and future activities of the project to staff members. The people who will attend each meeting will have to be from the laboratory, environmental and engineering services, as well as the departments of administration and risk management. Other parties that might be asked to attend will be from the project architects, contractors, the design engineers and possibly the construction administrators, depending on how complex the project is.

The Risk Assessments of Construction Projects.
An assessment of the risks of any possible infection needs to be conducted. This ensures the safety of all patients and workers. It is also used to keep the particular regulatory agencies informed of all activities during the ongoing construction phase of the project. Furthermore, the results recorded from these assessments could be used to recommend certain safety precautions that should be taken by the construction team. This might include wearing specific protective clothing or building an anteroom, which will help prevent the construction dust from spreading.

Necessary Training.
Everybody involved with these projects should be informed of the procedures needed to guarantee the infection control. Sometimes a training course will be presented to all the contractors and sub-contractors involved with the project in order to confirm infection control.

Continual Monitoring of the Environment.
This monitoring involves two different types of actions, which include the testing of the air quality, as well as the physical monitoring of every activity during the construction. The latter is ensures that the construction team adheres to the standards set for maintaining the safety of everybody and for the controlling of any infections.

Keeping Communication Open.
The project’s management team has to use the weekly meetings to share all the project activities with the departments that are directly affected by the project. There are specific communication procedures in place, which should be followed at all times.

Health

Responsible businesses always act to ensure that their premises are as safe for work as possible. To fully brief their employees on what is expected of them, many choose to send staff on health and safety training days to teach them how to be safe and responsible within the workplace. Failure to notify employees of the potential dangers within a company can result in various accidents occurring, some of which can be of serious detriment to either employee or company.

All companies should have members of staff that are fully trained to deal with emergencies and any workplace issues involving health or safety. Responsible members of your team should be first aid trained in order to deal with illness or injury, however, health and safety training for your staff should minimise the likelihood of these problems occurring.

These training courses teach employees how to be proactive in order to maintain a safe working environment and also how to be reactive when something does go wrong. Proactive steps include risk assessment and hazard spotting, safety inspections and carrying out tests and various procedures. Some workplaces are clearly at higher risk than others, although there is no such thing as a risk-free workplace and no company should ever get complacent about its safety record. Accidents can happen in the most innocuous circumstances and can nearly always be avoided. When they do occur it is important that they are recorded and steps are taken to learn from them and implement changes to the workplace as necessary.

Office environments can be just as dangerous as building sites and warehouses if the correct steps aren’t taken to secure the premises for health and safety. On a building site, workers are always completely focused on carefully going about their work in a safe manner as the working environment and equipment they use are conducive to serious injuries. In an office environment, employee safety is not always at the forefront of people’s minds. However, failure to carry out proper health and safety training can result in carelessness amongst employees. A simple mistake such as leaving a stray wire dangling across a gangway can result in a nasty trip for a member of staff and a painful fall.

Currently, there is a significant rise in the number of people who attempt to sue their employers if they are injured in the workplace, regardless of how trivial the injury suffered might be. It is important to protect your business against this possibility by ensuring that you are as compliant with health and safety law as possible.

Health

The OHSAS 18001 international standard was published by British Standards Institute in 1999 (revised 2007); to produce OH&S management system steerage parallel to the ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems standard. Though ISO has not formally supported OHSAS 18001, thousands of companies worldwide use it to arrange their OH&S programs, and have wanted third-party review and certification.

How do employers shield their staff from occupational hazards? Answers to the current question involve many completely different perspectives:

Occupational health and safety laws and rules establish specific necessities, related to specific sorts of hazards: chemicals; electricity; moving instrumentation etc.
OH&S laws and rules conjointly assign employers a General Duty to produce safe workplaces for his or her staff. These embody generalized necessities for employers to determine broad OH& S program, such as:
Canadian necessities to determine Hazard interference Programs, overseen by the federal Labour Program and provincial agencies.
US pointers for Health and Safety Programs provided by the federal activity Safety and Health Administration and state agencies, and mirrored in mandates in some states.
Professional pointers set by industry-level and skilled associations target relevant things.

Every work in North America faces a version of those provisions; however necessities and pointers arent fully consistent. However are employers to style and implement their programs? Several multi-jurisdictional organizations establish consistent and comprehensive baseline programs by adhering to the OHSAS 18001, that is that the most widely-used international voluntary certification system.

What will OHSAS 18001 Do?

The Standard provides careful a close framework for Occupational health and safety management systems, departure organizations with flexibility to tailor specific components to suit their individual desires which can mirror applicable OH& S compliance necessities, structure activities and policies, and possibly insurance providers specifications yet. The quality consists of broad components, with substantial details to confirm that the subsequent are evaluated systematically:

Identification of OH&S restrictive problems touching entity/facility processes and merchandise.
Existing structure OH&S policies and procedures.
Organizational- and facility-specific policies in situ and utilized to manage OH&S problems.
Evaluation of personnel coaching and experience to judge that competent personnel are gift to hold out OH& S policies, programs, and tasks.
Evaluation of structure resources and support to deal with OH& S problems.
System in situ to take care of all needed OH& S records and documents.
Methods by that OH&S safety performance is measured and results communicated.
Management and oversight of organizational- and facility-specific OH&S problems.

Why Conduct a Gap Analysis?

In 2014, each employers organization can have some style of OH&S management program, in all probability developed to produce OH&S compliance and possibly with components tailored by organization-specific activities and policies, insurance supplier conditions, etc. the primary step toward evolving this home-grown program to satisfy OH&S is to check the 2, mistreatment whats unremarkably referred to as a gap analysis. because the term suggests, a spot associate degreealysis is meant to search out the gaps in an organization- or facility-level OH&S management system as compared to the particular provisions in OHSAS 18001. this is often accomplished by careful review of associate degree existing program, designed to spot and document any deficiencies that has got to be self-addressed to adapt with OHSAS 18001 requirements, and conjointly to assess the tasks and level of effort needed to satisfy OHSAS 18001 certification requirements.

Gap analyses usually apply 3 levels of review:

Paper review.
Reality review.
Pre-assessment review.